On mathematical theory of selection: discretetime models
Georgy Karev
NCBI, NIH
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Last modified: August 12, 2006
Abstract
Abstract. Mathematical theory of selection systems is developed for a wide class of dynamical models of inhomogeneous populations with discrete time. The Price’ equation and its particular cases, the Covariance equation and the Fisher’ Fundamental theorem of natural selection (FTNS), are well known general results of the mathematical selection theory. Lewontin noticed that the Price’ equation being a mathematical identity is not dynamically sufficient, i.e., it does not allow one to predict changes in the mean of a trait beyond the immediate response if only the value of covariance of the trait and fitness at this moment is known. Hence, the Price’ equation can not be used alone as a propagator of the dynamics of the trait forward in time.
We show that the knowledge of the entire trait distribution at any given instant allows making the exact prediction for indefinite time and this prediction dramatically depends on the initial distribution. By other words, the problem of dynamically insufficiency for the Price’ equations and for the FTNS can be correctly overcome if to study these equations subject to given initial distribution in framework of exact models of the population dynamics. For these models, the current trait distribution and hence all statistical characteristics of interest, such as mean values of the fitness or any trait, their variances, the covariance of the fitness and the trait, etc. could be computed effectively at any time moment.


